have long been a food staple around the world. Packed with nutrients like
omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, zinc and protein, many athletes and
nutritionists consider fish a superfood and recommend eating fish regularly as
part of a healthy diet.
you probably think of buying fish at the store. It’s either wild-caught or
farmed and then brought to your local market. What if you could grow your own
fish for food? You can, and in doing so, you’ll save money and enjoy a cleaner
Create Your Fish Habitat
Fish need space to live, and if you’ve already got a pond in your yard, it makes a great start for your fish habitat. You may want to dredge it before adding your fish to remove any debris or algae and make the environment more hospitable for your finned friends. Also, be sure that you check with your local authorities to see if a permit is required to raise fish in your state.
Your pond should include some aquatic plants and algae, so you won’t need to use the algaecide you would in a swimming pool. That doesn’t mean, however, that you can ignore the quality of the water. You should invest in a limnology kit, which evaluates water quality, to ensure your fish have a suitable habitat to live in.
Add Some Fish
Central to the project of raising fish are the fish themselves. If you’re planning to farm fish for food, there are great options out there. Carp can survive under similar conditions as koi and will eat nearly anything. They can also be stocked cheaply.
addition to these two options, tilapia and trout are two types of fish you
might associate more with fine dining. Tilapia requires more close attention to
temperature than koi and carp, preferring water between 77 and 86 degrees
Fahrenheit. On the upside, tilapia grow to full size in about eight months, so
you’ll enjoy some return on your investment quickly. Trout aren’t as
delicate when it comes to temperature. They handle the cold well but can be picky
sure you consistently add fertilizer and food for your fish to keep them
growing and healthy. The aquatic ecosystem is sensitive, so you’ll even want to
leave fish that die in the pond for some time to keep from upsetting the
Harvest and Eat
your fish reach adulthood, it’s time to enjoy the food you’ve grown. There are
many great ways to cook fish — you can bake, fry or smoke it and add
any number of seasonings. Pick up your favorite seafood cookbook and find
something you can adapt to the type of fish you’ve raised. If your habitat is
healthy, your home-grown fish will be fresher and tastier than anything you can
pick up at the market.
are the ideal hunting partner. But you don’t want to bring home a new puppy and
immediately expect them to be the perfect hunting dog. They say that proper
preparation prevents poor performance, and that goes double for dogs and
do you need to know before you take your dog hunting for the first time to keep
both you and your furry family member safe?
Don’t Skip Your Training
some people will swear by a specific breed for hunting, the truth is that
nearly any breed can be taught to hunt, retrieve or simply be a companion
during those long days. What you don’t want to do when you’re choosing a
hunting partner is to skip your training.
Start with basic
Once they’ve mastered those skills, start adding in hunting-specific things
that you want them to learn, from flushing to retrieving and everything in
you’ll want to be able to trust your dog to sit by your side, retrieve your
kills or flush birds from the underbrush without the need for a leash or cord,
knowing that they’ll do their assigned task and then return to your side.
Bring Plenty of Dog Supplies
you’re heading out for a weekend hunt, you’ve probably already stocked your
truck with food and water for the duration for yourself. Make sure you’ve got
plenty of supplies for your hunting partner as well, including food, water,
treats and other dog supplies. If you’re going to be hunting during the warm
summer months, make sure you bring extra water to prevent heatstroke. Bring
more than you think you’ll need.
your dog a well-fitted harness and they can often carry their own supplies.
Just ensure that their pack doesn’t weigh more than one-third their body weight.
Get Them Used to the Hunt
if they’ve passed their hunter training classes, it will still take some time
to get them used to the hunt — including getting them used to the sound of
gunfire. Don’t start by
shooting a gun
around your young hunting dog. That will likely just end up making them
gun-shy, which makes it more challenging to turn them into successful hunting
by carrying an unloaded gun around with you on walks so they can get used to
the idea of the gun as a part of their world. Then, as they start flushing
birds or chasing game, you can add gunshots to get them used to the sound.
should be your
with your dogs when you take them hunting, regardless of their responsibilities
on the trip. Make sure your dog has a well-fitted and brightly colored vest to
alert other hunters that they are not prey. It doesn’t need to be fancy. It
just needs to be bright and fit well enough that it won’t fall off in the
may also want to take a trip to the vet before you head out into the woods to
ensure your pup is up-to-date on all of their vaccines so they don’t come back
from your excursion with Lyme disease or rabies.
a dog to be your hunting partner is a lifelong exercise, and one that might be
frustrating at times. Be patient with your furry friend as they learn these
skills that will help both of you throughout your lives.
food just tastes better. It’s not hard to see why, either. The lack of
processing, chemical treatment and, in some cases, genetic modification results
in rich, authentic flavors that some people have never even experienced because
we’ve become so accustomed to getting food at the market.
you’ve put the time and effort into growing your own food in a garden, it only
makes sense to find recipes that take advantage of the wonderful fresh
ingredients you have. We’ve gathered 10 recipes to showcase popular garden
vegetables and help put your best garden fruits and veggies front-and-center.
carrots remind us how sweet and flavorful these simple root vegetables can
really be. Plus, you get to indulge in a variety of different colors depending
on what you planted. Carrots are easy to prepare in the oven. This recipe uses
the timeless combination of butter, salt and pepper. The whole thing takes
about 30 minutes if you peel the carrots. It’s an easy dish that showcases
fresh veggies and doesn’t overcomplicate things.
tomatoes have been phoning it in compared to their home-grown cousins for
decades now. Add in the flavor of fresh basil and olives combined with lemon,
orzo and feta, and you’ve got an island-inspired dish that’s packed with savory
goodness. Best of all, it’s easy to make. The dressing will need at least two
hours to chill, but the rest of the cold ingredients can be broken down and
mixed together in about 20 minutes.
some fresh zucchini, tomatoes and peppers that you want to showcase? Here’s a
creative take on classic pesto that delivers the vibrant green color we all
know and love, but adds a twist when it comes to flavor.
tomato, pepper, slivered almonds and a host of aromatics are added to the
squash to create a rich, vibrant pesto variation that is equal parts new,
classic and fun. Of course, good pesto deserves bread and cheese, and those two
items are precisely what this is paired with. Chianti, anyone?
a great recipe that can be a vehicle for any number of homegrown goodies. This
pizza recipe is intended to be made on the trail, but it’s equally delicious if
you just make it in your own backyard.
and stretching the dough adds a little activity to the meal in case you’ve got
some young trail companions who need to keep busy. Top with your freshly picked
garden veggies and cook over a hot plate until the cheese is melted and the
crust is golden brown. It’s better than any frozen pie!
super-fresh and flavorful salad really shines when made with homegrown
strawberries and kale.
the main attractions here by adding feta cheese, fresh mint, toasted almonds
and bacon. The dressing is simple but adds to the zesty flavor by combining
honey, olive oil and apple cider vinegar. This is a great side to a summer
barbeque, so throw it together in just a few minutes to bring to a block party
or serve it as a side next to a grilled steak, chicken or fish dish.
you have watermelons, beets or both, here’s a fun summery appetizer that you
can bring to your next gathering to celebrate the season. The combination of
savory and sweet works along with the refreshing kick from the watermelon to
make these fun and interesting and the colors look really nice together.
atop a slice of toasted baguette topped with goat cheese and garnish with
chopped red onion. Extra points if you make the goat cheese yourself!
you grow peppers, you know how versatile they are to cook with. Homegrown
poblanos serve as the base for this simple but hearty dish that combines
nutritious members of four different food groups. The peppers are stuffed with
rice, beans and a ground beef and turkey mixture that won’t leave you hungry,
but is also healthy and delicious. Top it off with melted Mexican cheese and perhaps
a little sour cream.
is more of a sip than a dish. But if you’ve got a lemon tree and perhaps some
verbena, you’re well on your way to making this fun summer cocktail. The honey
and verbena are boiled to create a simple syrup, to which you then add
fresh-squeezed lemon juice and vodka.
you’ve never enjoyed a cocktail with fresh lemon juice before, you’ll soon see
that these trees are nature’s bar cart. This is a crafty but simple cocktail
that’ll hit the spot on a warm summer day.
better after a cocktail than a little dessert? Fresh blackberries are good
enough by themselves, let alone on top of some vanilla ice cream, but this
recipe kicks it up a notch. By heating balsamic vinegar to make a blackberry
reduction, you create a tart and tangy topping that moves this out of “ice
cream with berries on top” and into the realm of restaurant-quality
dessert. There’s an option to add honey to the mix as well, which we recommend.
ripe peach is one of the high points of the summer season, and peach dessert is
made infinitely better when you use fruit that was grown fresh in your own
garden. The dough for this recipe is made using flour, sugar, oats, wheat germ,
butter and salt. You can put the whole thing together then top with sliced
peaches and bake in the oven for about forty minutes for a delicious home-made
dessert. And, of course, it goes well with ice cream, just like the previous
You’re Ready to Get Cooking!
ingredients are always best, and showing off what you’ve grown by putting it
into a dish for friends and family is always a good feeling. Try these dishes
out with what you’ve grown at home, and share your suggestions for how to
combine garden-grown ingredients with our readers in the comments below!
Preppers use just about
everything they can and never let anything go to waste. But there’s only so
much you can do, and sometimes it best use is to trade it for cash.
You may have collected
aluminum cans to turn in for money as a youth, or maybe you’ve gathered all of
your coinage for processing at a bank or coin-sorting machine in exchange for spending
money. If your home construction projects produce leftover metal, you can use
the same approach to recoup some of your costs. Building material is valuable,
and people will pay for it!
People often let their
scrap metal go to waste, which is both a storage issue and an eyesore. Instead,
learn how to put it back on the market, and you’ll no longer have to worry
about stashing it. Plus, you’ll be that much richer!
Unlike your can-collecting
experience, not all scrap metal is of the same value. To determine whether it’s
worth your effort, consult a guide
to the value of scrap metal to see if your
project has generated enough loose material to warrant loading it up and taking
it to a scrapyard. Prices might vary a small amount between yards.
Plan to Move
Transporting a massive load of scrap will
require the right vehicle. A pickup truck is usually the best choice because it
can be unloaded via a crane or forklift once you arrive at the yard. For the
biggest loads, it might be a good idea to use a trailer. If you don’t own one,
a cost-effective rental can make a fantastic investment.
You can also use a smaller vehicle.
However, you’re less likely to receive help when you get to the yard. Also,
smaller cars can be overwhelmed if you load them with too much heavy material.
Find Your Local
Get online and locate the nearest yard that takes
the metal you’ve got to sell. Depending on how
close you are to an urban setting, you may need to travel a small way to drop
off your metal. Once you arrive, check into the yard’s database and weigh your
vehicle coming in. The process is similar to visiting the dump — and you’ll
actually get paid for it!
Once your vehicle and information are in
the system, move on to the unloading. If you’re selling a ferrous
(iron-derived) material and have the recommended pickup truck or trailer, you
might get to watch the yard put a giant mag crane — a crane with a huge
electromagnet at one end — into action. Just be careful — they can lift your
entire vehicle if the magnet gets too close.
After making the drop, you’ll roll your
vehicle back through the scale and receive payment, either as cash or a voucher
from the scrap yard. In many places, it’s not legal for the yard to pay you
directly, but you may find a conveniently located ATM that accepts the vouchers
the yard gives out.
You’re all set. Now you can re-invest the
hard-earned dollars that went into your project — rather than stare at a pile
of rusty metal for the next several years. Definitely a good call.
Whether you’re an expert mountaineer, an experienced veteran or an amateur enthusiast, creating your own survival gear is a great way to enrich your outdoor experience and advance skillset.
The thought of exploring DIY gear options may seem intimidating to some. However, while making your own equipment may seem like a challenge, a bit of advice can help you navigate this foreign territory with ease.
Why Making Your Own Survival Gear Matters
Whether you’re planning a weekend excursion at
a local camping site or prepping for a physically-intensive trip through the
mountains, you should always prepare. When voyaging, you’re likely to carry a
limited supply or key necessities with you. It’s vital to know how to make the
most out of the supplies that find their way into your backpack.
For others, DIY survival gear is a
cost-effective alternative to products you’ll find at your local camping supply
stores. Recycling products is eco-conscious and ensures you get as much use as
possible out of your current supplies without requiring a last-second shopping
The skills and know-how required to make your
own survival gear on the go can mean the difference between a comfortable and a
potentially hazardous trip. Research studies show many people in today’s
society lack basic survival skills, primarily due to our
increasing reliance on technology. Creating your own gear can be the first step
in channeling your inner survivalist.
If you decide to trek through the woods or
across the Appalachian Mountains, you’re unlikely to run into a hardware store
along the way. However, you can take your skills and knowledge with you
wherever you go — granting you the assurance you need to ensure your outdoor
adventures will always be fun, effective and safe.
How to Create Your Own Survival Gear
When it comes to creating your own gear,
you’ll need to go beyond the basics. Delving into a DIY project requires a few
pointers that will help guide you to successfully complete your survival gear
Here are a few tips to keep in mind before you
1. Define Your Survival Gears Purpose
Survival equipment is
a pretty broad category. What may be deemed necessary for survival during one
trip may not be handy for another. Plus, everyone possesses a varied and unique
set of skills.
you’re a master at starting a fire with bare necessities, it may not be helpful
to create survival gear with the sole purpose of creating flames. If you know
you won’t have access to clean water sources during your trip, though, a DIY
water-purifying device will help you survive.
Before you get to work on a project, remember
to tailor your gear to your needs. Key points to keep in mind when creating
survival gear include:
Your weaknesses: What
do you struggle to obtain during your explorations that are required for
safety? Some have difficulty starting fires. Others find it challenging to
build shelter. Think about your weaknesses and create your gear
Number of people in your party: Will you be journeying alone, or will you have a large
team with you? It’s important to consider the number of people involved,
as this will influence the amount of gear and supplies required during
your journey. You’ll only need one fire starter regardless of how many
people you take with you, for instance. On the flip-side, more shelter
options are required for larger groups.
Your intended excursions: Where will your journey take place? If you have a
tendency to hike cold and snowy mountains, create gear that stimulates
warmth. In areas with high mosquito populations, nets are a necessity.
Evaluate the conditions that define where you’ll go and create gear that
will help you thrive.
2. Don’t Rush the Process
have to learn to walk before you can run, as the old expression goes. The same
mentality applies when creating survival gear.
Countless others just like you research the
Internet daily for DIY survival gear projects. This means that, over time,
nature enthusiasts have curated an extensive list of camping gear projects that
range in difficulty. You’ll have no trouble finding projects for amateurs that
serve as the perfect starting spot for your DIY experience.
Start small until you gradually work your way
up. Begin by making simpler items until you perfect your skills and move onto
more challenging projects. A great idea for beginners is a DIY compass made with a cork, sewing needle and magnet.
After you complete a
few beginner-friendly survival gear projects, you’ll find it easier to move
into making fire-starters, stoves and more complex accessories.
3. Be Thorough With Your Work
When it comes to creating survival gear, it’s
best not to just wing it. While the process of creating your own equipment is
enriching and fun, it’s not the same as splattering a bunch of paint on a
canvas and calling it a day.
Whenever you’re beginning a new project,
carefully outline what tools you’ll need, measurements and other key details.
Be prepared and always have a slight excess of what’s required to begin your
project. For example, experts advise that you buy 25% more yardage than you anticipate
needing. It’s better to have too much of a material, rather than too little,
when you’re crafting your survival gear.
4. Think Outside the Box
You may find that the survival gear currently
available on the market comes up short in one way or another. Perhaps you have
a favorite tent that would benefit from better ventilation or air-holes.
Perhaps you think a light-weight fire-starter would be more advantageous for
Get creative and think outside of the box when
crafting your gear. The greatest perk of being your own designer is that you
can alter, adjust and personalize as you see fit. Expanding your creativity can
enhance your survival skills — so it’s a win-win all around!
6. Use Available Resources
Nobody is born with the ability to make their
own clothes or capture their food. While these skills are feasible, they
require the use of practice, knowledge and valuable resources.
Don’t forget that people make up one of the
greatest available resources when it comes to creating survival gear. Ask for
help when you need it and don’t be afraid to ask other campers, outdoor
enthusiasts and nature-lovers how they create their gear.
You’re bound to run into problems or confront
challenges along the way. If you ask a knowledgeable friend for advice, you’ll
not only expand your skillset, but you’ll find it easier to create useful and
What Survival Gear Should You Make?
When you think of survival, what comes to
mind? For many, it’s access to potable water, food and shelter. Your survival
supplies should consist of a plethora of different necessities that range in purpose
from lighting to medical support.
If you’re not quite sure where to start,
here’s a list of potential DIY projects that will become a must-have for your
survival gear collection:
Every adventurer should have access to fire, whether to cook their food or
stay warm. You can craft fire starters from empty toilet paper rolls,
sticks, wax and many other easy-to-find products.
Whether your outdoor trip will only last the day or will span an entire
week, you’ll need access to food. DIY, portable camping stoves can cook
your meat and any food you catch during your outdoor excursion. Camping
stoves are easy to make out of spare materials such as soda cans or wood.
When you’re venturing outdoors and into foreign terrains, you should
always come equipped with the necessary medical supplies to stay safe.
Consider making a DIY emergency kit to bring with you during your next
you’re outside, it’s not likely you’ll encounter a super cozy area that’s
readily-available to rest. DIY survival gear for shelter can consist of
hangers and support for setting up, the tents themselves and any makeshift
blankets or pillows to aid you in your sleep.
is a luxury you won’t find in the wild. Consider a DIY lamp or candle you
can use at night to navigate through darker areas. Whether you convert a
peeled fruit into a candle holder or add rechargeable solar lights to a
mason jar, a simple DIY light will be a staple accessory when enhancing
Hoop Snare Trap:
If you’re out in the woods and need to survive, you might not have much to
work with. As long as you have some twigs and rope, you can easily make a
DIY hoop snare trap. You can make
these with smaller or larger branches, depending on what kind of animal you’re hunting. The
last thing you’ll need is a little bit of bait and you’ll be all set.
Spring Fishing Pole: Speaking
of rope and branches, why not fish while you’re at it? The best part of
this easy-to-make pole is that you can go work on other tasks while it’s
out there, and then come
back when it’s time to check your catch.
Survival Knife: Chances
are you already have a knife, but you can still make one in a pinch. Find
a somewhat sharp piece of metal and then file it down to be as sharp as
possible. Then simple wrap a handle in rope or something else that’s easy
to hold onto.
Bow and Arrow:
At this point you’re starting to realize just how essential a little bit
of rope can be to your survival. Grab yourself some of it and a long
flexible tree branch and you can easily have yourself a DIY bow and arrow
in just a few minutes. PVC pie works even better if you have it.
There’s a lot of camping gear available on the
market. Yet there’s an even greater array of projects that let you create your
favorite survival accessories yourself. Why buy gear when you can fashion a product
designed to meet your specific needs?
Whether you want to cut costs, customize your
gear or get in touch with your inner survivalist, you’ll find crafting your own
gear is a fun and creative way to prepare you for your next outdoor trip. What
are you waiting for?
Before you embark on your next adventure, what
DIY project will you begin?
season is fast approaching, and it’s time to choose your weapon. If you’d
rather get away from firearms but don’t have the strength or the skill to hunt
with a compound bow, there’s a middle ground you can enjoy in the form of a
crossbow. Here are some tips and tricks to help you choose a hunting crossbow
that will serve you well for seasons to come.
Benefits of Crossbows vs. Longbows
you’re thinking about bow-hunting, a longbow might be the first thing that
comes to mind. The problem with longbows is that they require a high level of
skill to hit your target every time. You have to be able to maintain perfect
shooting form when you draw the bow, regardless of how tired or sore you are
after a day of tracking game or hiding in a tree blind.
crossbow, on the other hand, is simpler to use, even for beginners. If you can
handle a .22 rifle, you can handle a crossbow.
are also deadlier than longbows, at least when you’re looking at the speed the
bolts or arrow can travel. A compound bow can shoot a 364-grain arrow at 289
feet per second. A crossbow, on the other hand, can fire a 400-grain bolt at
385 feet per second, with many topping 400 feet per second.
Choose the Highest Draw Weight You Can Manage
higher the draw weight of a hunting crossbow, the faster and more accurately
you can fire a bolt. Make sure you check your state regulations when it comes
to crossbow hunting to determine the maximum draw weight you’re allowed to use.
Depending on the state, you can expect to find crossbows that range from 75-125
pounds, while most hunting crossbows tend to top
You may find some with more than 200 pounds.
out different draw weights and choose the highest you can manage safely. The
higher the draw weight, the faster your bolts will fly and the easier your
crossbow will be to use.
Recurve or Compound Crossbows?
you’re choosing a hunting crossbow, you’ve got two options — recurve or
Recurve crossbows are more traditional and don’t have any pulleys. They’re
easier to maintain, but they’re harder to cock and louder when you fire them.
The chances are high that if you miss your aim on the first shot, the sound of
your recurve crossbow will scare away your game.
crossbows are faster to load, quieter to fire and are easier to draw at a
higher draw weight. Compound and recurve crossbows may have similar draw
weight, but compounds will usually be smaller, lighter and easier to manage.
The downside of a compound is that if something breaks or fails, you’ll need to
take it to a specialist for repairs.
Choose the Best Bow in Your Budget
you’ll want to choose the best bow that you can afford. You can get a decent
hunting bow for $300-$1,000, or as a kit with arrows, a cocking device and a
quiver for $1,500. Remember, as with most things, you get what you pay for. If
you’re going to use this crossbow regularly for hunting or practice, invest in
something that will serve you well for seasons to come.
Practice, Practice, Practice
best thing that you can do when choosing a hunting crossbow is to practice with
it, both before you take it out into the field and while you’re out hunting. A
crossbow will tend to be more accurate than a longbow and require less
practice, making it perfect for beginners.
end of the world has been a concern since the beginning of time. Whether it’s a
natural disaster, a disease outbreak or a different type of apocalyptic event,
your survival bunker can keep you safe in most SHTF scenarios. Of course, once
you finish building your bunker, you’ll need to stock it with things to keep
you and your loved ones safe.
how can you differentiate between necessities and luxuries? Make sure you stock
your survival bunker the right way by reading about these survival essentials.
After you have your bunker stocked, you can think about adding a few more items
for your own personal enjoyment.
1. Save Tons of Water
knows that hydration is key to healthy living. But that’s easy to forget about
when you live with constant access to water. There’s no urgent need to drink it
when it’s available because it’s always there.
you’re living in your survival bunker, your water supply will quickly diminish.
Unless you’ve managed to hook up your bunker to some kind of underground well
or natural water source, it could disappear quickly.
first thing you should do is stock up on water. Water bottles, pitchers and
even filtration systems are high-priority items when stocking your bunker.
2. Store Nutritional Food
next thing you should think about is food. You’ll obviously have to eat when
you’re waiting out the storm, and you may not know when you’ll be able to leave
the bunker to scavenge. That’s why you should read a survival
and get non-perishable foods that cover every part of the food pyramid.
examples of these foods are:
Beans (dried or canned)
Canned fruits and vegetables
Canned or dried meat
may be challenging to find your favorite foods on that list, but you should
think simple, like stocking up on beef jerky. It comes in a variety of flavors
and lasts a long
time in its packaging, no refrigeration necessary.
forget to designate a place in your bunker to prepare the food. Even if you
just need a surface to open a can of beans on, it’ll help you decide where your
kitchen will be.
3. Prepare a First Aid Kit
never know what could happen when you’re adjusting to your new lifestyle, so
it’s a good idea to prepare a first aid kit. A basic kit will contain things
like bandages, antibiotic cream, gauze and gauze tape.
also want to have medicine on hand. Over the counter medicine like
acetaminophen, ibuprofen and allergy medicine are all smart to include. Just be
sure to stay aware of their expiration date and replace them as needed every
4. Consider the Temperature
time underground will make you safer, but it will also make you colder. The
ground has a tendency to trap the colder temperatures at night, holding onto
them even through hot days. The deeper your bunker is, the colder you’ll be.
this important detail when you stock your bunker. Store jackets, socks,
blankets and even winter supplies like gloves and hats so you’re comfortable
when you’re down there.
5. Fill Up Your Toolkit
happens if your portable stove breaks or a handheld lantern falls apart? You’ll
need a basic toolkit to handle situations like that, along with extra
batteries. Keep both of these somewhere safe in your bunker. You may not use
your toolkit during a natural disaster, but you’ll be glad you prepped it when
you need to reassemble something that aids in your survival.
6. Designate a Document Bag
you’re listing out items you’ll need to survive, your personal documents may
not seem relevant. However, if the disaster destroys or damages your home, you
would need the relevant paperwork to rebuild.
always smart to have these with you to manage an unexpected situation. Sealing
them in a waterproof bag or fireproof safe will keep them secure until you need
7. Create a Bedroom
bunkers end up being a safe place with one room, but you’ll still end up
needing many of the same supplies you use every day. Create a makeshift bedroom
by saving things like a bedspread, pillows and extra sheets and blankets.
Double what you save if you’ll be in the bunker with a family member or friend.
8. Install a Bathroom
bunker has a space where you can go to the bathroom, like a two in one combined
shower and toilet. Along with installing a
you’ll need sanitary supplies like toilet paper, hand soap and shower supplies.
You should also have a way to clean your bathroom area that isn’t so pungent
that you need to air it out.
9. Arrange a Defense room
you’re prepping your bunker for the end of the world, you’ll need a defense
room. It’ll help you to hunt your own food after you get back above ground.
There’s also the need for self-defense in case the people you came across
outside your bunker were desperate or crazed.
that end, think about what your abilities and skill sets are to determine which
methods of defense are right for you. You may already have weapons in your home
you could store in your bunker.
like it’d be unwise to enter your bunker without a means of self-defense, it
would also be unwise to enter without any means of cleaning your guns. Remember
to store things like a gun cleaning kit, depending on which weapons you’d bring
Think About Your Routine
you feel like you’re still missing something, think about your routine. What do
you use every day and how could you stock it in your bunker? Essentials like
food, water and extra blankets are just a few of the things you’ll be grateful
for if you ever need to go down there. Once you’ve stocked the important stuff,
you can throw in fun things like board games and other inessential items to
pass the time.
summertime, and that means it’s time to head out into the wilderness with your
fishing gear and catch as many fish as possible. Hot weather can make it
challenging to reel in anything bigger than the palm of your hand. If you’re on
a dry streak and haven’t been catching much lately, here’s what you can do to
increase your haul.
Look for Cover
are cold-blooded, so during the warm summer months, they tend to be lethargic
and don’t seek bait like they do in colder weather. Shallow water will get
uncomfortably warm, even for cold-blooded creatures, so those that continue to
live in the shallows will look for shade and cover where the water is cooler.
won’t come out of their shady spots easily, but if you can cast your line into
these places, you’ve got a better chance of catching a big shallow-water fish.
They’ll also retreat to these
at night, so if you’re spending some time on the water once the sun goes down,
fishing in vegetation is your best option.
Fish Deep in Hot Weather
in warm water might be nice for humans, but it can get uncomfortable for fish —
especially big ones. Even if your preferred catch normally lives in shallow
water, start fishing deeper once the temperature starts climbing. You might
have better luck casting a weighted line in deep water, where the temperatures
are lower and the fish are more comfortable.
Explore Vegetation Patches
natural water features, vegetation acts as a home for fish. Once they’ve fed,
they’ll return to water-rooted plants for the cover they provide. It also increases
localized oxygen levels, making the area a comfortable home for the fish. Fishing in
vegetation is a tricky skill to learn, but once you master it, it can be a
fantastic way to follow the fish when the water temperature is climbing and
they’re not inclined to bite.
Watch the Weather
want to pay close attention to the weather if you’re going out fishing, but not
just so you don’t get caught in the rain. Storms change the ambient barometric
pressure of the area, and fish are very
to these changes. They often feed more right before a storm hits, making it the
perfect time to get out on the water. This is especially true if you live in an
area that’s prone to frequent afternoon thunderstorms.
Take a Boat
You can catch plenty of fish by the shore, but sometimes the ones you really want are going to be in deeper water. There are plenty of ways to get to the good spots. You could take a simple kayak and paddle, which is fine if you’re catching fish in the 12 to 24 inch range. Anything bigger and you’re going to need a bigger boat. Of course, you could always go extreme and get a yacht with a 1600hp engine, but then you might end up just cursing around and not actually fishing. Not that that’s always a bad thing!
Stay Hydrated and Have Fun
last tip might not help you catch more fish, but it’s important if you’re going
to be out on the water during the hot summer months. Make sure you’re drinking
plenty of water and staying hydrated. No one wants to get dehydrated while
they’re trying to catch a few fish for dinner.
than that, all you need to do is be patient, pick the right locations to cast
your line and have fun. The fish will bite eventually — you just might have to
follow them around a bit before they do.
on property you own can be a great decision because it’s sustainable and
profitable, but it’s also a very involved project. Before you can begin, you
need a plot of land to use — and that can mean clearing brush, trees and other
are several ways to clear an area for farming and remove the vegetation there
to allow you to plant new crops. The method you choose will be decided by how
dense the current vegetation is, how much time you have and how much money you
want to spend. We’ve compiled a list of the most popular methods, along with
their pros and cons.
Cheap and Dirty
the plot of land you’re trying to clear is not particularly large, you have
access to cheap labor and there’s no rush involved, there’s no need to use
heavy equipment. The chainsaw will be your weapon of choice, and you might be
surprised at how quickly a few workers can knock down a small thicket. The more
time-consuming tasks will be stacking and disposing of green waste and leveling
the ground once the cutting is done.
trees exceed 5 inches in diameter, it might be time to bring out the big guns.
In this scenario, you’ll still be able to fell trees using a chainsaw. However,
if a bulldozer is available, it might do a better job of clearing out mature
trees quickly. The leftover stumps won’t all be removable using a brush
grubber, and a stump grinder will likely be necessary. Grinders can be rented
for jobs such as this, and will make
it easy to clear stumps from your new homesteading plot.
Bring in the Professionals
you’ve got the money, teams of landscapers can be assigned to clear a plot for
you in a very short time. They will bring a combination of heavy equipment,
chainsaws and other hand tools. Because the service is being carried out
professionally, you can expect to have a well-manicured flat plot of land
available to you at the end of the project. Your wallet will be flatter too, so
think carefully about how badly you need to employ this type of service.
Disposing of Green Waste
must treat green waste
responsibly when clearing land for a new homestead. While burning is a popular
option and arguably the simplest way to eliminate things, it requires a permit
in most areas and can damage your air quality. Consult your local authorities
to learn how you can get a permit before you choose to burn your cleared green
landfills have dedicated areas for green waste, and if you can gather all your
removed brush in a trailer, you’ll have the option to dump it. Some facilities
charge for this, so call ahead and learn what to expect before you get hosed on
a dumping fee. Ultimately the waste has to go somewhere for you to begin
farming the land, so it’s a necessary evil if burning or processing the wood
isn’t an option.
You’re Cleared for Farming
you got some advice to share after a recent homesteading project? Are there
methods we neglected to touch on here? If so, drop us a line in the comments
below. Remember to always work safe and use the proper protective equipment
when handling chainsaws, tractors and other items involved in the clearing
process. Before you know it, your land will be ready for anything.
is essential for our survival, providing us with the nutritional support
necessary to sustain life.
its clear importance, food tends to be neglected and treated with a blithe
disregard for preservation from consumers who merely view it as an expendable
it can be challenging to eat all the food we purchase before the expiration
date arrives, it’s on us to exercise proper storage care, responsible shopping
practices and sensible food conservation. When prepped and stored correctly,
the freshness of food can be maintained long past its shelf life. In fact, even
without an attentive understanding of acceptable storage, expired foods may
remain perfectly fine past their listed dates.
certain foods are reasonable past their expiration dates, then what do these
What Is an Expiration Date?
expiration date denotes the final day that food should be eaten or used for
guaranteed freshness, so consumers ingesting it should proceed at their own
that doesn’t always mean that food has gone rotten by a particular date, given
that various labels are more of a reflection on food quality than food safety.
Some foods might be safe to consume
nearly 18 months after their expiration date.
though expiration dates provide a solid indicator for when food should likely
be thrown out, there’s typically a window of time after those dates until food
goes bad and becomes unusable. By relying on your senses of sight and smell,
you should tell if food has truly reached the point of needing tossed.
stored correctly, the quality of certain foods can extend longer.
Paul VanLandingham, EdD, a senior faculty member at the Center for Food and
Beverage Management of Johnson & Wales University in Providence, Rhode
Island, claims that air-tight
packaging can “double shelf life” for products, allowing food to be as
“good as the day it was packaged.”
that can keep out light, oxygen and pests works best for food preservation. For
example, unless compromised, canned food can retain its
nutrients and safety for decades, allowing for safe consumption up to four years
past its expiration date.
bags also serve as an ideal solution for storing various foods, with the
longest lasting foods having low moisture and fat levels. Dried foods — such as
beans and grains — last
20 to 30 years when correctly stored.
storage could be particularly valuable in the event of an emergency, where
having access to sustainable food may ultimately save your life.
stored food that goes past its expiration date, but still isn’t rotten, hosts a
number of ways to utilize in an effort to minimize waste.
Edible Uses for Expired Food
with expired milk: If your carton of milk is starting to sour, it can be used for baking
as a substitute for buttermilk in baked goods.
bread crumbs or croutons from stale bread: Stale bread can be pulsed
in your blender or food processor for homemade bread crumbs. It can also be
sliced into cubes, sprinkled with seasonings and baked to produce croutons.
wilted herbs and veggies for stock: Save wilted herbs and veggies by storing them in
your freezer to make homemade vegetable broth later on.
stale snacks in the oven: Whether its cereal, crackers, chips or popcorn,
snacks can be toasted in the oven on a baking sheet for a few minutes to
freshen them up.
Additional Uses for Expired Food
your skin with coffee ground or Greek yogurt: The lactic acid in Greek
yogurt helps exfoliate dead skin cells. Two tablespoons of Greek yogurt with
one tablespoon of honey creates a moisturizing
can apply as a face mask. Similarly, you can add coffee grounds to body or
facial scrubs to nourish and tone your skin.
your hair with overly-ripe avocados: Apply smashed up avocados to wet or dry hair for
an hour, at which point you can wash it out, leaving you with moisturized hair.
surfaces with mayonnaise: The oil content in mayonnaise can restore moisture
and remove stains, allowing surfaces to glisten.
if food nears its expiration date or passes it, there may be alternate uses for
it or ways to prolong its shelf life. Take steps to practice proper storage
care, responsible shopping practices and sensible food conservation to make the
most of your food.